Of all India’s states, Bihar is the one most intimately linked to the Buddha’s life, resulting in a trail of pilgrimages which have come to be known as the Buddhist circuit.
The very name Bihar is derived from the world ‘vihara’, which means Buddhist monastery. The Buddhist trail begins at the capital city, Patna, where a noteworthy museum contains a collection of Hindu and Buddhist sculptures.
To the south of Patna is Nalanda which translates as ‘the place that confers the lotus’ (of spiritual knowledge). A monastic university flourished here from the 5th to the 11th century. Rajgir, ‘the royal palace’, was the venue for the first Buddhist Council.
The Buddha spent five years at Rajgir after having attained enlightenment, and many of the remains at Rajgir commemorate various incidents. Bodhgaya is the spot where Lord Buddha attained enlightenment, with the Mahabodhi Temple marking the precise location.
Bihar’s Buddhist circuit has modest back-up facilities by way of accommodation, international dining and surface transport.
|BIHAR FACTS AND FIGURES|
|Temperature||Summer : Max 40 °C, Min 21 °C.|
|Winter : Max 20 °C, Min 6 °C.|
|Language||Hindi & English|
|Best Time to Visit||October to March|
HOW TO REACH
By Air : Connected with Bombay, Calcutta, Delhi, Lucknow, Ranchi
By Rail : Connected to Bombay, Calcutta, Guwahati, Ranchi, Varanasi.
By Road : Nalanda- 90 kms, Rajgir- 102 kms, Pawapuri- 90 kms, Gaya- 172 kms, Bodhgaya- 179 kms, Raxaul- 210 kms, Ranchi- 335 kms, Muzzafarpur- 72 kms, Sasaram- 152 kms, Vaishali- 56 kms, Calcutta- 653 kms, Delhi- 997 kms.
BIHAR MAJOR CITIES
Patna » Deogarh » Rajgir » Bodhgaya » Nalanda » Vaishali » Gaya